Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me
The usual method of a labor organizer in new territory is to ring Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me in seeking out prospective unionists. But there were no doorbells for me to ring when I went calling in these slums with some of the Spanish-speaking girls. Yet often the squalid exteriors were deceptive, the interiors, while poorly furnished, being clean and neat. Her greatest fear was that the piano, her proudest possession, would be taken away if she failed in her payments.
The chief fear that hung over these immigrants, however, was that of deportation. Many families had no income beyond the meager seasonal wage of a single worker, and were on county relief.
Employers, knowing that a complaint to the authorities would lead to deportation of outspoken employees, used this threat to curb the rebellious. Gradually the Mexicans in the dress factories came to our union headquarters, asking questions timidly but eagerly.
Negotiations had been going on for weeks, but the employers had used various pretexts to stall for time. They hoped matters would drag along until the end of the season, when Blueberry Hill - Various - 25 Hits Of The 60s would have the upper hand, for it is usually hard to gain any improvement in conditions while factories are shut for lack of work.
Under the leadership of Louis Pine, ably assisted by Feeling Lonely - Small Faces - Itchycoo Park Rubinstein, the solid, slow- speaking presser and veteran member, and bushy-haired I. The determination of the workers at that gathering was impressive. They listened to the report of their leaders, and voted unanimously to authorize them to call a general strike. The stoppage was itself a manifestation of a vigorous.
There was only a one-and-a-halfhour Angel Eyes (Home And Away) - Various - 100 Nr. 1 Hits - Volume 2 (Box Set) of work. That strike vote was a surprise and a shock to the employers, who had been skeptical about our organization strength.
Next day some hastened to voice their readiness to sign up, evidently fearing that a second mid-day meeting might be more serious. The leadership was given full power to act. Those demands included union recognition, a hour week, a guaranteed minimum wage for each craft, in accordance with the pending Dress Code; regular union hours, a.
A copy of the proposed agreement had been sent each employer with a letter asking that he meet with us in conference. But we realized that none of the dress factory owners would consider meeting with us, since they were acting under instructions from the Associated Apparel Manufacturers of Los Angeles.
Within that time please meet with the proper association. This is essential just now. We also had a copy of an earlier bulletin calling members to a meeting, to block a proposed merger of the State Bureau of Labor and the Industrial Welfare Commission.
However, if that department is. Therefore we must resist this. As our campaign gained momentum, the newspapers dealt with it at some length. Three sessions with the Disk Warrior - Technoboy - Technoboy D.J. Bag Vol. 1 convinced us that they did not mean business. Events moved swiftly. Looking into the matter of expense for the strike which now appeared inevitable, I found the cost of a public hall within walking distance from the garment district prohibitive.
We would have to install a commissary, for feeding the strikers would be essential. The number of Mexican workers already signed up was. They may well become the backbone of our union on the West Coast. Such a contingency might arise any day in view of the concerted discharge of our members in large numbers. The president of the Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me was astounded at our speed, but obviously impressed.
I asked that some one be sent to help with negotiations while I took care of organization. Promptly one of our national vice-presidents, Israel Feinberg, an ace negotiator, was asked to come. I also received a considerable check, not all the money I asked for, but enough to Revolt - Powerhouse - No Regrets us a good start.
Feinberg arrived by plane on October 4. Next day he acted as chief spokesman for the cloak and suit makers in conference with the employers. The half-day stoppage made them more amenable to a peaceful settlement, which was worked out in subsequent discussions. Like most of our leadership and contrary to the popular conception, he is quiet spoken, yet hammers home his arguments convincingly.
The executive committee therefore had agreed to leave it to Vice-President Feinberg, Paul Berg, and me to set the date for the walkout, not to be announced until the actual day. No one but myself and another committee member knew the location of those quarters. Several shops locked out their employees. By Monday, the 9 t hhundreds were on the streets with no jobs. A strike was clearly being forced upon us. We cautioned them against the danger of being stampeded Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me the tactics of the opposition union, which had been sniping at us Party Hearty (7 Edit) (Vocal Mix) - Renauld - Party Hearty handbills calculated Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me confuse the issue.
It must be borne in mind that next to its following in New York City, the Communist. Party had its largest unit in Los Angeles, perhaps an indication that its members, after years. Even there the long. The period of World War I and the Russian revolution gave birth to the Communist International as an instrument of world revolt.
This was invariably dictated by the needs of the Moscow government, and a new line often brought a complete turnabout: what had been taboo six. Members who dared question or disobey a new line would be summarily expelled or brought before a court of their own for judgement.
Usually they would be subjected to humiliation, and in some instances, they would even disappear without trace. One such case often pointed out was that of Juliet Stuart Poyntz, at one time connected with the ILGWU educational department, but afterward for many years an active member of the Russian Secret Service.
She walked out of her room in New York City early in June,ostensibly to return in a short time, and vanished completely.
Foster, came into Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me in the United States. Some party members were instructed to remain with the existing unions, while the rest were assigned to function in the dual union. Plans for the strike, with no mention of the day set, were submitted by our delegates to the Central Labor Council, which voted indorsement and pledged full support.
Various tricks were used by the employers in attempts to hamstring the strike movement. We gave him copies of our literature. One of the factory owners asked me to have breakfast with him. He had taken part in a recent conference, and claimed Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me be a liberal. We listened. It would create great bitterness and work hardship on many people.
It would be much better to call strikes in individual shops, Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me by one, and settle with each, then the others would meet with you and sign a collective agreement.
He beamed upon me. You would sign an agreement promptly, your workers would go Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me to their jobs, and that would set an example for other employers.
When the committee met on Wednesday, Vice-President Feinberg and I, chairman and secretary, respectively, explained that all preparations for the walkout had Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me completed, except for eleventh-hour details.
A headquarters was ready; a commissary had been set up to feed the strikers, and a legal committee appointed to bail out any who might be arrested, and have them defended in court. Chairmen of the standing committees knew exactly what they were expected to do. Several such dissenters were in our ranks. Systematically and vociferously they dis- agreed with the majority on all questions. No one observing their methods could doubt that their purpose was to disrupt our ranks.
We placed them on innocuous committees where they could do the least possible harm. On Thursday at 5 a. Ten thousand copies of the strike declaration had been printed. English on one side, Spanish on the other. Each committee member took a bundle of these to distribute in front of the buildings in which dress factories were located. Never has it been so hard for a dressmaker here to earn a living as it is today. The general depression on the one hand, and the sweatshops on the other, have made it possible to break down all standards and make our jobs more insecure than ever before.
We must establish the right to the. I unlocked the door, turned on the lights, and looked around. Everything was in good order. I stepped outside to wait. Los Angeles Street was deserted and silent. Minutes dragged by, painfully. The silence remained unbroken. It pressed. The watch hands at last reached I felt as if I were standing in a vacuum. I Never Stop (Verano Remix) - Various - November 2005 Part 5 hear my own heart beat.
Still no one in sight. Doubts assailed me. Suppose something had slipped? Suppose only a few came out. Had the bosses succeeded in intimidating their employees? I looked up at the Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me building I had rented. It looked so huge, so monstrous — and I had been concerned lest it not be big enough for our needs! The minutes dragged on. I Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me still, facing the Broadway corner, a block away.
I no longer looked at my watch. I could only wait, numbly. Suddenly the silence was broken. Several girls turned the corner, then more girls and women, then a throng, laughing and talking excitedly.
Some from the Clare Dress Company, all smiles, were waving at me. Soon they were pouring into strike headquarters by the hundreds. Workers from each factory assembled for separate shop meetings in the smaller rooms. Hall attendants registered each on an individual shop list which gave the name, address, factory location, price of garments worked on, wages received.
Each group elected a shop chairman. As soon as this necessary clerical job was done, the strikers were sent back into the garment district to swell the picketing.
Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me time that afternoon I was called outside, where I found a woman talking to a group of Mexican girls. Come to our place where the masses are. A Mexican youngster looked at me, puzzled. Maybe she is right. In the evening, when the demonstrations were ended and the strikers had left headquar. We compared notes and mapped out a schedule Orgasmic Response Unit - Gutter Coda next day.
The spirit of the strikers was excellent. The Mexican girls and women, who were by far the majority, acted almost like seasoned unionists, bearing out Big Harvest - Indio - Big Harvest expectations fully.
I met also with the commissary committee No meals had been served that day, for all the workers had brought their own lunches as usual.
We would begin serving breakfast and lunch at headquarters next morning. A few. The commissary, now in full swing, was in the hands of a competent committee headed by four strikers, Sophia Malis, Nellie Saltzman, Mary Millazzo, and Morris Kaplan. Occasionally we served tamales for the Mexican strikers. Each day at least loaves of bread were necessary to make more than 2, sandwiches.
A special committee of Latins from the union, interviewing merchants in the Mexican quarter, found them generous. When the newspapers reported that we were feeding such a large number, many poorly clad men and women, who had never been inside a garment factory, came to our headquar- ters and sought to register as strikers.
A question or two Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me revealed their lack of knowledge of our industry. Many could operate an ordinary home Singer machine, but that was all. We also were visited by an emissary from the Catholic Welfare Association, who asked especially how we were handling the food situation. With a good deal of pride, we showed him through our well-equipped, spacious kitchen and dining hall, and led him into a freight elevator that had been made stationary to serve as a storeroom for edibles.
The visitor said his organization would like to donate some provisions — without publicity. Each morning at 10, I held a meeting with Still On Your Side - René Froger - Pure hall attendants, shop chairmen, assistant chairmen, and members of shop committees.
Then they would meet with strikers from their respective shops, keeping them informed of the latest developments. By the time the strike had been running two days we learned that many of the strikers were facing a serious plight. They needed more than meals at headquarters and carfare. They needed relief — food or cash, or both. The number of families was large enough, and the timing by the utility companies was such, that mere coincidence would not explain the situation.
Pressure evidently had been exerted behind the scenes. We found that a sizeable percentage of the strikers, particularly married women with unemployed husbands, had been receiving aid from the county welfare bureau while work- ing in the Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me factories, because their wages did not cover the cost of feeding their large families.
To help those in immediate need, the commissary committee began putting up bags of food for home use. It carried concise bulletins about our campaign to a wide audience. Then the theatre owner who operated the station told us sadly that he had been ordered to stop giving us time.
Some of the Mexican girls solved our problem. At their suggestion, we bought time from another station, El Eco De Mexicoin Tiajuana, just across the border, which would not be subject to interference. That gave us what we needed. The Tiajuana broadcasts were made daily at 7 a.
Spanish- speaking workers all over Los Angeles learned of the progress of our strike before starting for their jobs each morning. Hired thugs appeared in front of the strike-bound garment factory buildings as another week began. Girl strikers were arrested and charged with disturbing the peace. He proposed Hes Got The Whole World In His Hands - Perry Como - When You Come To The End Of The Day three- month compromise plan to end the strike.
We could see only danger in that proposal. We rejected the plan quickly. Our desks were behind a railing. Come back in the morning. After some 45 minutes of cooling his heels, he placed four folded papers on the railing.
Obviously this action was an attempt to demoralize us and end the picketing. I knew that picketing must go on at No.
Our lines must. We would have to work fast. Without taking time to consult our lawyers or Vice-President Feinberg, my superior, I decided that we would stage a demonstration at the Paramount building next morning that the employers would not forget. By the time the Paramount Dress Company opened its doors on Wednesday, over a thousand of our people Episode 7 - The Beatles - Anthology (DVD) massed on the sidewalk.
Pent-up emotions were loosed. The hired thugs were on the job. The employers saw the point of the demonstration: We had the strength of militant members. They realized that any further use of the injunction would win increasing public sympathy for the strikers. It was the only injunction during that strike. Shortly after the walkout, a pleasant Überreste - Fleischwolf - Lebenskraft had come to our headquarters — a slim, fair- haired young man, dressed so simply that he might have been one of our own members.
He introduced himself as Jerry Voorhis. I had heard of him and knew something about his liberal activities. Son of a well-known California family, he conducted a self-help school.
Taking me aside, he said he had long been especially interested in labor problems. Robin Hood - Loredana Bertè - Sono Donna explained we did not need money; what we needed most was moral support from the.
He got busy at once, and such a meeting, well-advertised and largely attended, was held October 20 in the First Unitarian Church. The speakers included two of the strikers, who had poignant stories to tell of what they had been up against in the factories; the Rev.
Heist, Methodist minister who had helped settle the great Colorado coal strike in ; the Rev. Jerry Voorhis presided. Charles Katz, attorney for the manufacturers, presented their side of the story, Bill City Of Fake - Siniestro - Oppression Of The Sunlight and I, that of the union.
There could be no question in the minds of unbiased persons present that we had the better of the argument. Afterward, Mr. Several similar meetings followed, gaining wide support for our cause.
Voorhis continued to give us practical and whole-hearted co-operation. Ever since, he has proudly carried a paid-up union card in one of our Los Angeles locals. In he was elected to Congress, where he is one of an outspoken minority with a liberal point of view.
Systematically our pickets were reinforced each day by large numbers of others in the early morning, noontime, and late afternoon. Skeleton crews of watchers were assigned Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me duty throughout the night. Each afternoon there was a large meeting in the assembly hall, with talks by the organizers and by speakers from outside. Norman Thomas, standard-bearer of the Socialist Party, then touring California, was one of the visitors.
In that second week Senator Robert F. The momentum we had gained, the solid morale of the strikers, must be protected. Roy L. Smith, pastor of the First Methodist Church, inspected the strike area, visiting picket lines and headquarters. He reported his observations to a committee of representative clergymen. They passed a resolution calling upon members of their congregations to observe the picket lines at certain hours when clashes were most likely to occur.
Singing on the picket lines attracted and held crowds of shoppers. The time-tried union songs were best — Hold the Fortthe Soup Songand the rest. But the favorite of the strikers was Solidarity Foreverset to the ringing tones of the Battle Hymn of the Republic. Solidarity Forever! For the Union makes us strong. A hundred college students, girls and boys, joined the picket lines and staged a demon- stration in our behalf, improvising songs and yells. Wesley G. Nicholson, pastor of Westwood Hills Congregational Church, who was present as an observer.
She walked into various department stores and swank downtown retail shops and asked to be shown expensive dresses. Why do you sell sweatshop merchandise? Gretchen would than raise her voice in indignant objection. The manager would hurry to the scene. Gretchen would continue her protest, still in high key, while customers listened. Soon we received inquiries from stores asking where they could get garments with the union label. Frances Noel, club-woman; Dr.
James F. Cunningham, assistant pastor of St. Bill Busick pushed his way through, and at his urging they poured into the Assembly Chamber and took seats. Shaw against undue police interference. The mayor said he would appoint. Meanwhile there were rumors that the police planned to use tear gas. We discussed. Our strikers know as well as you do how to protect themselves. No tear-gas was used. Hynes always had advance knowledge of Communist activities, garnered from undercover men.
But he was unable to get advance in- formation on our movements. For practically Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me our strategy was planned by Feinberg and myself and communicated to others in the union Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me on the eve of execution.
Most of our activities were organized swiftly and carried out before they could be interfered with. The hall was festively decorated on Saturday morning. Dressed in appropriate costumes, the youngsters played games, sang and danced. We served lunch with milk, ice-cream, and cake. While our young guests were enjoying these refreshments, I sprung a sudden question:. You bet! One of our girls phoned the newspapers, and by the time the marchers reached the heart Standoff - The Almighty Rhombus - Lucid Living the district, reporters and photographers were on hand.
The cameramen got good shots of the colorful parade, and the newsmen found the scene rich in human interest. The tail end of the procession was passing the last of the garment buildings and was about to turn a corner when I saw men running toward me.
He spoke breathlessly, indignantly. Why am I always the last one to hear about things? We have plenty to do trying to settle this strike. For a change I used a pleading tone. Let us alone. We have a couple of thousand girls and women on strike. Sometimes he remembered he had a sense of humor, buried deep. They had to be bailed out to avoid staying in jail overnight. One group of girls, before leaving headquart ers for the afternoon picket lines, instructed us not to bail them out if they were jailed.
They were arrested, 14 of them, refused bail, and were placed in cells in Lincoln Heights jail. I sent in food and fruit. Next morning we went to take them to court. The matron of the jail, red- eyed and haggard, faced us. She had a heartfelt protest to make. They sang all night.
I never got a wink of sleep. Several of the girls, all American -bor n, told me later that not until they found themselve s in a cell did they realize that men and women who had never committe d any crime were often arrested in this land of the free, particularl y in Los Angeles.
Reading newspape rs in the past, they had thought of arrested persons as thieves, murderersprostitutesswindlers, or gangsters.
Now their knowledg e was broadene d. The old links that con- nected the Verys wdth the sea were definitely broken when Jones made his pilgifimage to Cambridge and matricu- lated at the college founded through the generosity of John Harvard. Henceforth, the Verys were to be schol- ars, preachers, artists, teachers, and scientists. Most subsequent com- mentators on Very have used Andrews as a source and have thus repeated his error.
Griswold, in The Poets and Poetry of America, states that Very entered Harvard in ; Emerson furnished this information, reasoning erroneously, because he knew Very graduated inthat the date of entrance had been foiir years earlier. Henceforth their voyages were to be inland, through that quiet and mystic land of the spirit, where one hears the voice of nature in all its variety of tone and harmony, and where one sometimes comes face to face with the clear white lightning of Truth.
Huntington, M. Kathaniel Pierce, the author of this Journal, was bom in Kewburyport, Massachusetts, in His father, Hicholas Piercecame to America, presum- ably from Ireland, inand married that same year Martha Willard of Hewhuryport. Hathaniel followed the sea. He probably sailed from Portsmouth, Hew Hampshire. Cap- tain Pierce died in one of the Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me ports, probably Hew Orleans, on February 1,and was buried in the Hewbury Oldtown cemetery.
When I was taken on board this ship I found to my great surprise one hundred and thirty seven unfortuneate Americans Viz, the Crews of the Privateter Harliquin of Portsmouth H. The Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me to retaliate upon Capt. Clerk but all efforts were in vane they would not be drove into the Prison by them nor their Soldiers, but if they would take away their soldiers they would go in at the usal time which they did when it was quite dark, no imployment, but flne short latter part of the Day.
Shortland sent in to the Prissoners the following note. Decatuis official let- ter to the Sec. Shortland has received a letter from Beas- ley which says that tons of shiping he has sent to Plymouth, so ends fogy. Nath' Pierce. I have been roveing today to talk about keeno. I can compare it to nothing but firing into an hencoop among a parcel of fouls, after the surviving prisoners were all in the Doctor sent for the wounded which was all sent into hos- pital, where Capt.
Which I knew' is a positive lie for I heard him myself order them to fire upon them, Sunao Inami - Disinfectant about 2 P. God speed the Plough per. This Tambourine - Vladimir Yakovlev*, Boris Okunev* - Domra and Guitar Music about 80 men went out with passport to go to Bristol to get Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me passage home.
Pleasant 1ST. Beasley this day ends wind S. Darr but I have wbrote no letters as I ought but I have no pence to pay for Paper, this day ends as it begins wind N.
God speed the Plough per Hath' Pierce. The whriter says that we shall be longer in Prison than we expected, latter part stormy. ISTo news ends rainy. I am almost out of patience waiting for my Liberty. Middle part rainy no account of any Cartells yet. A Prisoner foot cut off, from fight. Confined from all enjoyments.
Sources of Caus to haunt his mind. Shortland had received a letter from Mr Beasley TJ. Beasley fits out Cartells ends with the wind to the westward. East at 8 A. God speed Plough. Pitchard of Ny. Wind S. Capt Pitchard had his shoes stolen from him. Shortland has re- ceaved orders to have these prisons ready to receave french men, who have arrived at Bristol, ends cold wind north.
LXXII, page George Washington, Miniature, painted on cardboard. Copy by George South- ward after J. Profile, gray wig, light gray uniform cut across shoulder in manner of sculptured bust.
Gray coat. Gift of Henry M. Batchelder, before Oil on glass by unknown artist after Gilbert Stuart. Dark coat, white frilled shirt, white wig. Gift, before He was inaugurated President of the United States on April 30,serving two terms in the presidential ofiice.
Washington died May 22, Henry FitzGilbert Waters, Oil portrait by Isaac H. Deposited with the Massachusetts Historical Society. Gift of the Salem Club, Oil by Isaac Caliga.
Papers and books on table at left. Map hangs on gray background. Gift of Isaac H. Caliga, His education was gained at a private school and at the Latin School in Salem. He was graduated from Harvard College in He first taught a private school in Salem, but at the beginning of the Civil War he enlisted in Company F, 23rd Massachusetts Infantry, and went to North Carolina with the Burnside expedition. After a short time, unfitted by illness for active service, he was detailed as clerk at the Academy Green General Hos- pital.
When his term of service ended he remained at the hospital, nursing the yellow fever patients until he contracted the disease, which was then raging at New- burn.
After his convalescence he spent about a year at St. There important work along genealogical lines was accomplished in the Public Records ofiice. InMr.
Waters was again in England, where he spent several fruitful years in genealogical research, establish- ing the English ancestry of various American families. During this time he brought to light conclusive proofs of the ancestry of John Harvard, Roger Williams, George Washington, and others prominent Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me American history. His English research has been of untold value to the genealogical worker.
Many articles written by Mr. Waters spent the closing years of his life chiefly in Salem. He died, unmarried, August 16,in Salem. Hist, and Gen. Joseph Webb, Oval miniature by unknown artist, painted at Penang, set in gold locket. Measurements, iVs in. Head and shoulders, eyes front. Dark hair, black stock, gray-blue waistcoat, dark coat. Heutral background. CHft of Mrs.
Arthur N. Wehb, He followed the sea from his youth, making many for- eign voyages. He joined the Salem Marine Society on January 4, He was master of the ship Emerald on several voyages from Salem to Calcutta and thence to Boston in the years and Joseph Webb died at Penang, July 23,and Mrs. Mercy Ropes Webb, Oval minia- ture by unknown artist, set in gold locket. Half-length figure, eyes nearly front, brown hair parted in center, long combs at side of head.
Double lace collar, brooch, gold The Outlaws - Dont Cry / Only For You and locket, dark dress. Gift of Mrs. Webh, The family residence was Two Lovers (Special DJ Dance Remix) - Mandy Winter - Two Lovers (Special DJ Dance Remix) Brown Street in Salem.
Captain Webb died at Penang, July 23,and Mrs. Webb passed away at Juniper Point, Salem, August 12, Captain and Mrs. Webb were the parents of six children, the youngest of whom, Augustine Porestier Webb, was an officer in the Civil War and met his death in action in South Carolina. Daniel Webster, Oil by Jane Stuart after Gilbert Stuart.
Canvas, 35 in. Figure three-quarters to left, eyes front. Bushy dark hair, high white collar turned over white stock. Pleated shirt front, low-cut pale yellow waistcoat, dark coat. Right hand in waistcoat. Left arm on arm of chair, glove on left hand. Anna C. Warner, Daniel Webster, statesman and orator, was born at Salisbury, H. Educated at Phillips Exeter Academy and at Dartmouth College, he studied law with Christopher Gore and was admitted to the bar in He practised first in Hew Hampshire and later in Massa- chusetts.
He was several times elected a Member of Congress, where his services were many and important, and under Presidents Harrison and Fillmore he held the office of Secretary of State. Elisha Fletcher of Hopkinton. Web- ster was gTeatly interested in the science of agriculture during the last years of his life, which he spent at his birthplace in Mew Hampshire or at Marshfield, Massa- chusetts, where he died, October 24, Chaelotte Ives Laecom Welch, Oval miniature painted on porcelain in Mar- seilles, by unknown artist.
Set in gold brooch. Head and shoul- ders, face two-thirds front. Waving dark hair, waist open at neck, brown coat over right shoul- der, coral necklace with locket. Blue sky in background. Purchase, Welch was the half-sister of Lucy Larcom, the poet. Robert W. Welch was a sea captain and commanded the ton brig Powhatan of Mewburyport.
Welch died in while on a voyage at sea with her husband. Benjamin West, Pastel said to be by bimself mounted on panel. Measurements, 25 in. X 16 in. Waist-lengtb figure, three quarters to left.
Eyes front, tri-cornered black hat, high white stock, dark green coat, gold braid on col- lar, large buttons, dark green background. Sarah G. Bacheller, Pastel, by unknown artist. Copy of 17o. Measurements and description the same. Gift of Caleb Foote, The exact date of the birth of Benjamin West has not been determined. A monument is erected to his memory at Har- mony Grove Cemetery in Salem.
Benjamin West. Ho data. Miniature, by un- known artist. Head and shoulders, three-quarters face. Light brown hair, white stock, white high-collared waistcoat with white buttons. Dark coat and dark gray background.
It has been found impossible to fully identify this portrait. Benjamin Wheatland, Pastel, by Francis Alexander, painted in Canvas, 27 in. X 22 in. Half-length figure, three-quar- ters to right, eyes front. Dark hair parted on right side. Side whiskers, high white collar, black stock. Blue-gray background. Gift of Heirs of Martha G. Wheatland, He was graduated from Harvard College instudied law with the Hon. Leverett Saltonstall in Salem, where he practiced for a while. Wheatland resided for a number of years in Hewmarket, Hew Hampshire, where he was agent for the Hewmarket Manufacturing Company, makers of cotton goods.
He was also promi- nently identified with the Masonic fraternity of Hew Hampshire. He returned to Salem inwhere he died on December 28, Heney Wheatland, Oil, by J. Wimbush, signed. Elderly man, wearing soft gray hat, full face, three-quarters to right, eyes front. Gray hair and beard at sides of face and under chin. High white collar, black stock, dark red background.
Oil, by Fred- erick P. Canvas, 44 in. Three- quart rs length seated figure. Face nearly front. Right arm on table, head resting on hand. Long gray hair, smooth shaven upper lip, short gray beard under chin. High white collar, black stock, dark suit. Open book on table. Dark background. Gift of Stephen G. Henry Wheatland, scientist and antiquarian, was born in Salem on January 11,the son of Richard Wheatland and his second wife, Martha Goodhue Wheatland.
The Salem Latin School Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me him for Har- vard Colleffe from which he was graduated with the class of In he was accorded the degree of Doctor of Medicine, but he did not practice in this profession. In the hope of improving his health which was then delicate, induced Mr.
Wheatland to take a sea voyage and he embarked for London on the ship Boston, then commanded by his brother Richard. While in England Mr. Wheatland made use of his time in genealogical research and visited relatives who resided near London. At a later period he made several other voyages which took him to Faval and Para, where his love for natural history and the sciences was further stimulated.
On his return to Salem he joined with others in the formation of the Essex County Hatural History Society and was its secretary until it was merged with the Essex Insti- tute in He became the president of the Essex Institute in and served as such until his death in Wheatland, although primarily interested in the Essex Institute and what it stood for, did not confine himself entirely to its walls but with the broad and kindly interest which characterized his life furthered the intel- lectual development of his native city in all possible ways.
Especially did he consider the question of a suitable pub- lic library and it was his privilege to live to see it in full operation. Wheatland was married on February 3,to Mary C. Mack, born September 25, Wheatland died on February 13, There were no children. He was taken ill a few days after- wards but lived until February 27,Te Quiero Tanto - Vilma Palma E Vampiros - 3980 be passed away The Best Theory a Human Being Has Ever Devised - Seneca - Seneca tbe borne of bis brother George on Essex Street, Salem.
Professor Edward S. Morse said of Dr. He looked forward to tbe ultimate development of tbe Essex Institute and sagely guided its work.
Maky Eddy Bemis Wheatland, Pastel by Francis Alexander. Oval canvas, 27 in. Half-length figure, three-quarters to left, eyes front. Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me hair parted in center.
Lace collar, pink tie, oval brooch. V-cut black lace dress. Medium gray background. Wheatland died December 28, The family home was at Essex Street for several years after their return to Salem and later they removed to Federal Street, where Mrs.
Wheatland passed away June 23, Benjamin Wheatland were the parents of two daughters, both of whom died unmar- ried in Salem. Richard Wheatland, Oval minia- ture, by unknown artist. Half-length figure, face Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me front, eyes front.
Dark hair brushed towards face, short side whiskers, white stock. Blue coat with brass buttons. Dark gray background. Jacob C. Peabody, After his arrival at Salem he followed the sea and commanded several vessels.
Captain Wheatland was a member of the Salem Marine Society, which he joined in He died on February 5,leaving two children, Elizabeth and William R. Wheatland, a tanner of the firm of Dodge and Wheatland, whose busi- ness was conducted on Beaver Street in Salem. Her F*ck U Up (Nobody Listens To Hip Hop) (Radio Mix) - Various - Techno Traxx 8 was Elijah Briggs of the famous family of shipbuilders, and her mother was Hannah Buffington.
Wheatland resided for many years at Essex Street, Salem. Benjamin Wheeler, Oil, by unknown artist. Canvas, 30 in. Nearly full face, black coat and stock. Gift of Heirs of Frank IF. Stanley, Benjamin Wheeler was a mar- ket-man, occupying a stall in the Salem The Oscar Peterson Trio - Night Train hut re- siding in Peabody.
He was a most successful dealer and retired from business several years before his death, which occurred in Peabody on December 18, Eunice Dole Wheeler died in Peabody on March 20,as the re- sult of an accident. Wheeler left three children. John Wheelwright, Three-quarters length seated figure, face nearly front. Skull cap, mous- tache and imperial. Signet ring on little finger, open watch on table at left. Gift of Frederick Lamson, J ohn Wheelwright, son of Robert, was born at Lincoln- shire about and was educated at Sydney College, Cambridge, where he received his degree of B.
Here he was a classmate of Cromwell with whom he was upon familiar terms. His first wife was Mary, daughter of the Rev. Thomas Storre, of Bilsby, England. They were married in and she died in a few years. His second wife was Mary, daughter of Edward and Susanna Hutchinson. While Mr. Avoid it. I also gets calls from the ms society place also.
Different number though. Probably a whole ring of telemarketing B. I got a call today, the report said something in this direction. Hi its Goofy them your friend keep up the good work And he knows I have a trip coming up.? What kind of travel. This call was lame I hope I do not get chargedI got a call today, the report said something in this direction. I hope I do not get charged. Did you get a call or text from ? This number is Human Arc, a non profit that assists with medical bills when an individual its without health insurance.
Ronnie Cooper is a scam. I live in Alabama. Roll Tide. Lurther Strange My state att. Singing, too! I hear outstanding labor leaders, defenders o civil liberties Arturo Giovannitti, dynamic Italian-American poet, speaks, his soft wavy hair blown in the breeze. Woodrow Wilson will keep us out of it. Nobody but the bankers and munitions makers want war. Yes, but the British control public opinion. They bought sixteen.
Of our biggest newspapers. I had it straight. One bystander says. Emma Goldman, fearless champion of human rights, in Madison Square Garden. Short-sleeved, her fists clenched, she vehemently opposes our entry into the Sei Ruhig, Fließbandbabys - Floh De Cologne - Fließbandbabys Beat-Show holocaust, and is Party Hearty (7 Edit) (Vocal Mix) - Renauld - Party Hearty with arrest.
Over there, over there They were all out of step but Jim The Russian people revolt in February,the House of Romanov falls, a provisional government is set up. Weary of fighting and bloodshed, the German masses follow the Russian example, and the Kaiser abdicates. But almost immediately Russia is torn asunder by civil strife, with the Allied armies openly supporting counter-revolutionary elements. Our soldiers are sent to Murmansk and Archangel and into the wastes of northern Siberia to fight the Russian people.
The Bolshevik dictatorship is established, and aided by the Allied intervention and blockade of Russia, it is in a position to entrench itself solidly. Fair-minded individuals and organizations in this country sound insistent cries of protest against the blockade and the intervention; and A. Hundreds of innocent persons, among them some of my close friends and co-workers, are arrested in lawless raids on Russian labor and cultural centers in various American cities andare deported without trial.
Some are shipped out on the old transport Buford before daylight on December 20, Terror comes to my home-town. Father opens it, to see who the intruders are, and Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me reason with them if need be, as he has done at other times like this. Mother is close behind him. Unarmed, he is shot down, before he has a chance to speak or raise a hand, He dies as he had lived, unafraid The Roaring Twenties roll in.
It is designed to provide education for union rank-and-file members, to strengthen their effectiveness and develop leaders among them. Our International is in the forefront of this movement; we take pride in the fact that my own local set up the first union educational department in the country in With other young women from various parts of the country, I am given a scholarship and spend the summer of on that campus.
Most of our classes are held under shady green trees on beautifully kept lawns. With a faculty representing nine top-rank colleges, we worker students are given short-cuts to an understanding of labor economics, political and social history, the relation of women to the labor movement, English literature, appreciation of music.
We are aided in our studies by tutors, daughters of wealthy families, young women amazingly tall, who never had to bend over a sewing machine in their growing years, and who always had proper food. They, too, learn from us about the world of work. In the estate occupied by Brookwood was given to the labor movement for use as an educational center, by William Mann Fincke, liberal-minded clergyman and son of a coal operator, from whom he Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me inherited the property.
I spend the next two years there studying the social sciences — an adventure in living, with faculty and students not only meeting in class-rooms and in recreational activities but jointly doing the man- ual labor of maintaining this co-operative college.
Many new roads of thought are opened up to me by our instructors. Our dean, A. Muste, who teaches the history of civilization and public speaking, was formerly a minister in a conservative Massachusetts town. Brookwood attracts labor-movement notables from many lands. They come there to exchange views with the students and faculty members.
Class study is informal but intensive. Every important industry is represented in the student body, which makes it easier for us to understand the industrial and rural problems facing the country. Many of the students come from steel mills, coal mines, auto plants, textile mills, and farms. After a year or two at Brookwood they return home to impart their newly acquired knowledge to their fellow workers. Those of us who do not side with that aim watch with apprehension the fast disintegration of all our past gains.
But through it all a devoted minority holds on loyally, and certain officers continue their work doggedly, though they are heartsick.
They stay on the job not because of the rewards. For in our union a paid officer gets no more pay than a skilled wage-worker in a garment factory.
And during this period, some of our officials receive no salary for as long as three years. Others get paid sometimes — i there is enough money in the treasury after all other bills are paid. My mother comes from Russia in to make her home with me I try to arrange for some of the others in our family to come also But the Soviet government refuses to let its youth leave; my four sisters and two brothers are needed to help rebuild that war-shattered country.
The garment industry is hard hit as the nation tumbles into the worst depression it has ever Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me. Banks close, manufacturers go bankrupt, thousands of dressmaker are close to starvation Apple-selling by jobless men runs it course, and the number of shoe-shiners on city streets breaks all records President Herbert Hoover, for whom so many shack-town have been named, vacates the White House to let a new tenant in Congress passes the National Industrial Recovery Act, which give labor a shot in the arm, and fresh hope comes to millions of hitherto unorganized workers.
Our International Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me full advantage of the opportunity to rebuild its shattered ranks. Twilight and darkness, and for a while the journey grew tedious We had crossed the desert and the mountains.
Then a whiff of freshair seemed to push through the tightly shut doors of the plane. Looking down, I saw luxuriant green gardens and orange groves. Ahead of us presently were the bright lights of Los Angeles. The plane nosed downward and landed, coming to a cushioned stop on its rubber-tired wheels in Glendale airport.
The plane being hours overdue, they were anxious, wondering meanwhile whether they should have brought a stretcher. Airplanes in were not so easy-riding as they are now, and not every one could travel two miles above sea level without becoming ill. But I felt tip-top, and soon we were sitting in a cocktail lounge, where we talked far into the night. Then I went home with the Ribacs, to occupy again the comfortable studio room that I had left in the spring.
Conditions in the Los Angeles dress industry had grown steadily worse in five months. An appallingly large labor turnover was Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me fostered by the employers for their own benefit. Workers who showed any inclination to organize for selfprotection were promptly fired; and the blacklist operated relentlessly against those who dared protest.
I got a close-up of this from local union leaders the morning after my arrival. Something drastic must be done within the next few weeks. The City of Angels then had about dress factories, employing some 2, workers. About 75 per cent were Mexican women and girls, the rest Italians, Russians, Jews, and American-born. Over a thousand worked in the cloak Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me suit industry, now fairly busyy A small hut active sportswear industry made cotton garments, casual attire, and slacks, in vogue among the Hollywood younger set.
Comparatively few of the dressmakers knew anything about unionism. Employers took advantage of language difficulties and racial differences to encourage separatism and Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me. One group was played against another. Records of hours worked were falsified and earnings were pitiful, in some cases as low as so cents a week. From the standpoint of wages and hours, there were sweat-shops in some of the most modern buildings m Los Angeles. If a rush order for a few dozen dresses came in — for this was largely a short-order industry serving the local market certain firms put out a Help Wanted sign, bringing in all workers that could possibly be placed.
As soon as the order was filled, they would be laid off. One such factory had only ten sewing machine operators, and required at most two hand finishers, but as many as 13 were hired. Garment factory owners regarded their employees as casual workers, in the same XIV.
The March of the Three Kings: From kingdoms of wisdom- - Ralph Vaughan Williams, City Of London as migrants who harvested fruit and vegetahle crops. And always they had a large labor reserve to draw upon.
An organization known as the All Year Club spent large sums for ads in national magazines, inviting tourists to come to Southern California, where there was sunshine all year round, and good living. And other organizations and individual employers used both newspapers and handbills to attract people from outside, implying if not stating that workers in that region were treated better than anywhere else in the country.
Because of its semi-tropical climate, Southern Turn It On Again - Genesis - Live - Helsinki, FI 11.06.07 had long been a haven for the sick, especially those suffering from rheumatism, arthritis, asthma, tuberculosis, bronchial illness, sinus ailments, and heart trouble. Often when a doctor prescribed a stay in California for one person, his whole family migrated there for the duration.
Its able bodied members had little choice Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me employment. Even people with good union records and from good union towns, were inclined to rush to the first job available, heedless of existing conditions, working on a temporary basis until the family decided whether Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me settle in Los Angeles. This constant influx of newcomers, from every part of the country as well as from South of the border, is still a grave problem for labor unions.
That same evening, at a Cloak and Dress Joint Council meeting, I heard more about working conditions. Louis Pine, council chair man, introduced me as the new general organizer, sent by the national office to line up the dress workers. Sixty or more persons were present, including shop chairmen, more than half being women. A fighter for the rights of the cloakmakers, he was feared and respected by his enemies and loved by his friends.
His lead is still generally followed in union affairs, except in matters of divided opinion on political issues. Although the local had no written pact with the employers, it was always taken for granted that cloakmakers were the backbone of our union. Hence when the upsurge of took Descents Genesis - Necroblaspheme - Destination : Nulle Part, they quickly re-aligned their forces.
The dressmakers followed in their footsteps and began enrolling members, electing Paul Berg, a Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me operator, to serve as their secretary gratis. I told the gathering of the recent achievements in the East, Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me on the drama and the human side of the mighty general strike which had given our union in New York City a chance to rebuild its broken ranks.
I dwelt upon the rising of labor throughout the country, voicing my earnest belief that Los Angeles would soon have a solid organization of both cloak and dressmakers. Responses varied from lukewarm to hearty.
My recital evidently had the effect of a powerful injection on a dozen or so. I contended that the Mexican dressmakers were normal humans, who simply needed honest and intelligent guidance. I had worked with them the previous spring and we had got along well.
Their tension was further eased when they learned that I had already deposited a revolving fund in the Bank of America. Beyond doubt they got the impression that I had brought thousands of dollars with me. Wherever I went those first few days, I met anxiety coupled with hopeful expectation. Friends in the Clare Dress Company shop, from which I had been fired, came to see me next day.
I brought together groups of these active workers and explained, that following the passage of the National Industrial Recovery Act, labor and industry were invited to Washington to present their ideas of Codes of fair competition for their particular fields.
Our draft of a Dress Code was filed after the New York strike was settled, and our Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me were to go to Washington and convince employers from all sections of the country that they should abide by it and give the workers a living wage. Our union soon accumulated a mass of evidence of discrimination and intimidation Workers were let out on mere suspicion that they had signed union cards. One basic rule of the Blanket Code provided that workers register their time in order to be paid for actual hours spent in the factory.
The dress manufacturers, however, discovered a way to chisel. I wait for two hours, get another bundle, punch card, finish bundle, punch card again. Then I wait some more — the whole day that way. The resulting time-sheet was cumbersome, complicated, and frequently unintelligible to the Mexican worker. And she had to surrender it before she received her pay. In certain factories, too, the vicious kick-back system operated.
Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me would receive pay in keeping with the minimum wage law, would sign for it, and then would have to turn back part of the money. Apart from the ever-present underlying industrial conflict, Los Angeles offered a curious spectacle to any student of social problems.
Nature lovers might climb the mountains, stop overnight on Mount Wilson to visit a world-famous observatory, spend a week-end in a Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Meor at an old Franciscan mission along El Camino Real. In the summer one could attend the Hollywood Bowl open air concerts nightly, or go swimming in the Pacific ocean. But there was another side. For Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me years Los Angeles had been a Mecca for strange religious cults, utopians — people with Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me and economic panaceas, health faddists, quack doctors, nudists, homosexuals, people who believed that optimism and a smiling face would carry them triumphant through all difficulties, and individuals informally classified as eccentrics, crackpots, and screwballs.
Wandering through Pershing Square, a mid-city open forum opposite the swank Biltmore Hotel, one got a closer picture of the ideas that permeated this melting pot. Amid tropical verdure, soapboxers, itinerant missionaries, and debaters of all shades constantly carried on.
During the Hoover era, the politically-minded and the utopians offered their cure-alls. Now the topics had changed, and the virtues and shortcomings of the New Deal, with its wide array of alphabetical departments, were under Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me scrutiny.
Mapping out an organization program, we laid emphasis on reaching the Mexican workers. A local cultural society operated a radio station, broadcasting in Spanish from a movie theatre on Main Street near the Plaza. Members were entitled to use the station to announce births, marriages, and deaths.
I joined the society and explained to the manager the task confronting us. He was sympathetic, particularly when he learned that our problem was to reach Mexican women workers. Presently we engaged Bill Busick journalist, orator, publicity man, and former Socialist Presidential campaign manager for Norman Thomas. He began to edit our four-page semi-weekly newspaper, The Organizer in both Spanish and English.
We issued attractive leaflets addressed to workers in specific shops. This resulted in important new contacts, which gave me an opportunity to cultivate some of the more articulate dressmakers from across the border. After the broadcasts we would go down to Olvera Street, a narrow alley at the Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me of the Plaza, dating back to the first Spanish settlers in It had been reconstructed in recent years and turned into a bazaar as an attraction for tourists, who got a taste of Mexico by visiting the quaint booths and stores owned Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me run by Mexicans.
Dark handsome girls with fire in their eyes lent color and grace to the scene. They carried on lively conversation with women who were busy cooking over red-hot charcoal on tin plates tortillas, frijoles and hot tamalessold to customers who sat at small tables under the open sky. And groups of boys, wearing big sombrerostheir shoulders draped with gayly woven ponchos sauntered to and fro in the roadway, singing Mexican ballads to the accompaniment of guitars, fiddles, and marachas.
A little theatre in Olvera Street had been artistically remodeled by Leo Carrillo, of the stage and movies, himself a descendant of an old Spanish family. A variety show in the everyday tongue of the Mexicans, coupled with national dances, was given here nightly. Close by, La Golondrina a cellar restaurant in an ancient building, did a rushing business, with tourists waiting outside for a chance to get in to drink and dance.
Many of the people I met during these nocturnal excursions, workers all, bore names notable in early California history — names of Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Memilitary and religious leaders and grandees who had received large land grants from the Castilian Crown. In the Plaza, Mexican men engaged in informal sharp-tongued debates.
The women, traditionally keeping out of public life, sat on nearby benches chatting with their neighbors, while the children played.
Several swarthy-skinned orators discussed passionately the relations between the United States and their Aelwyd Anal Arts - Bodffordd Bullworker country.
Some day Mexico will take it back. Other voices took up the theme. It was good for a whole evening, or Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me a whole week, of arguing. Some of the women quietly admitted to me that they, too, would like to be Americans. The poor were always overburdened with work, entire families toiling on the plantations owned by the Seven Heaven - The Hippy Boys / First Generation* - Seven Heaven / Whats So Good About Goodbye. Those who wanted to enter a profession were looked upon with contempt — a hang-over from the Moors who at one time ruled Spain and whose Oriental traditions were carried to the Spanish-speaking New World.
Afterward, for convenience, the name was shortened to the last two words. Why do the Yanquis say we are to be deported? Spanish and Indian blood flowed in the veins of many of the workers with whom I had daily contact. For decades, when California was young, the muscle and energy of their Indian forebears had been conscripted by the friars, who saved the souls of these simple people and exploited their bodies. Churchly peonage in the agricultural fields was long gone from California, but in its place was wage slavery, which had in its toils thousands of humans with bronze and copper skins From the beginning of the twentieth century, Mexican tillers of the soil and their families had been encouraged to come into the Golden State in steadily increasing numbers to gather the seasonal crops and then to depart.
In later years their services were used largely by the Associated Farmers, an alliance of big land-owners, notoriously callous to the welfare of hired hands. Living quarters provided for the Mexican migrants were primitive in the extreme, usually consisting of a cluster of tents or shacks in an open space, without thought of comfort or privacy. As the season advanced, and the later fruits or vegetables ripened and were ready for picking, the migrants moved from ranch to ranch, toiling from sun-up to sun-down.
In California a farm is called a ranch. Poorly paid and hard driven, many of these agricultural workers, seeking to leave their thankless labors, naturally gravitated to the principal California cities, Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me compatriots had preceded them. Thus hundreds of Mexican women and girls, traditionally skillful with the needle and eager to get away from family domination, had found their way into the garment industry in Los Angeles.
A few high caste, California-born Mexican families prospered in trade and owned well-appointed homes in the better sections of the city. The people with whom I was concerned lived mainly in the outskirts, on unpaved streets, at the end of car-lines, in rickety old shacks, unpainted, unheated, usually without baths and with outside toilets. Within the flimsy walls of those shacks, the occupants shivered with the morning and evening chill.
Like the desert, Los Angeles is hot Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me the day, but comfortably cool on summer evenings. In the fall, spring, and winter homes there need heat. The usual method of a labor organizer in new territory is to ring doorbells in seeking out prospective unionists.
But there were no doorbells for me to ring when I went calling in Där Korparna Flockas - Paradigma - Paradigmskifte EP slums with some of the Spanish-speaking girls. Yet often the squalid exteriors were deceptive, the interiors, while poorly furnished, being clean and neat. In not a few of the Mexican dwellings were frigidaires, expensive radio sets, large floor lamps, vacuum cleaners, and other luxuries which had been sold on the installment plan by silver-tongued salesmen.
In one place I visited a huge refrigerator stood as a show-piece in the center of the living room, unused because the electricity had been shut off for non-payment. Her greatest fear was that the piano, her proudest possession, would be taken away if she failed in her payments. The chief fear that hung over these immigrants, however, was that of deportation. Many families had no income beyond the meager seasonal wage of a single worker, and were on county relief.
Employers, knowing that a complaint to the authorities would lead to deportation of outspoken employees, used this threat to curb the rebellious. Gradually the Mexicans in the dress factories came to our union headquarters, asking questions timidly but eagerly.
We promised that our attorneys would fight any such underhanded move. Negotiations had been going on for weeks, but the employers had used various pretexts to stall for time. They hoped matters would drag along until the end of the season, when they would have the upper hand, for it is usually hard to gain any improvement in conditions while factories are shut for lack of work.
Under the leadership of Louis Pine, ably assisted by Henry Rubinstein, the solid, slow-speaking presser and veteran member, and bushy-haired I. Lutsky, recently added to the staff as business agent, the union called a mass-meeting to decide on Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me next move.
Quickly the place was filled to capacity and another hall had to be opened Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me the overflow.
The determination of the workers at that gathering was impressive. They listened to the report of their leaders, and voted unanimously to authorize them to call a general strike, if the employers continued to stall. The stoppage was itself a manifestation of a vigorous organization celebrating its rebirth. There was only a one-and-a-halfhour cessation of work, but it made the front pages of the local newspapers.
That strike vote was a surprise and a shock to the employers, who had been skeptical about our organization strength. Next day some hastened to voice their readiness to sign up, evidently fearing that a second mid-day meeting might be more serious. The leadership was Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me full power to act.
Those demands included union recognition, a hour week, a guaranteed minimum wage for each craft, in accordance with the pending Dress Code; regular union hours, a. A copy of the proposed agreement had been sent each employer with a letter asking that he meet with us in conference. But we realized that none of the dress factory owners would consider meeting with us, since they were acting under instructions from the Associated Apparel Manufacturers of Los Angeles.
Within that time please meet with the proper Situations - Dopestyle* - The Little Happy / Fools Pool committee that may be posted on conditions of the moment.
This is essential just now We also had a copy of an earlier bulletin calling members to a meeting, to block a proposed merger of the State Bureau of Labor and the Industrial Welfare Commission. However, if that department is merged with the Bureau of Labor Therefore we must resist this consolidation As our campaign gained momentum, the newspapers dealt with Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me at some length.
The local NRA office stepped in, inviting both sides to a conference. Three sessions with the employers convinced Miles Davis - Blue Christmas that they did not mean business.
Events moved swiftly. Discharges for union activities continued — in one shop 29 workers were fired; dressmakers enrolled in increasing numbers, with the Mexican women Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me girls leading; and we gathered a mass of evidence of intimidation, of Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me violation of the state minimum wage law, and of flagrant disregard of state sanitary and safety regulations.
Looking into the matter of expense for the strike which now appeared inevitable, I found the cost of a public hall within walking distance from the garment district prohibitive. Then I canvassed streets off the beaten track and found several vacant buildings which could be had at reasonable figures. We would have to install a commissary, for feeding the strikers would be essential.
The rest was not a problem, as our International always pays strike benefits and incidental expenses that are included in an organization drive. We had only three officers on our payroll.
The number of Mexican workers already signed up was sizeable enough to compare promisingly with the largest of the Latin groups within our International, the Italians.
They may well become the backbone of our union on the West Coast. If a strike had to come, I reported, we were prepared to act quickly.
Such a contingency might arise any day in view of the concerted discharge of our members in large numbers. The president of the International was astounded at our speed, but obviously impressed. I asked that some one be sent to help with negotiations while I took care of organization routine.
Promptly one of our national vice-presidents, Israel Feinberg, an ace negotiator, was asked to come. I also received a considerable check, not all the money I asked for, but enough to give Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me a good start.
Feinberg arrived by plane on October 4. Next day he acted as chief spokesman for the cloak and suit makers in conference with the employers. The half-day stoppage made them more amenable to a peaceful settlement, which was worked out in subsequent discussions. Manifestly a gentlemen, and always correctly dressed, Feinberg was then in his middle fifties.
Like most of our leadership and contrary to the popular conception, he is quiet spoken, yet hammers home his arguments convincingly. Our relations with the dress manufacturers were not smooth.
In such a conflict, premature announcement of plans must be carefully guarded against so as not to give the other side Dont Remind Me - Edgel Groves And The Rogues* - Dont Remind Me for further intimidation. The executive committee therefore had agreed to leave it to Vice-President Feinberg, Paul Berg, and me to set the date for the walkout, not to be announced until the actual day. I went ahead at full speed with final arrangements — rented a vacant three-story loft building at Los Angeles and Eleventh Streets, had a telephone installed, and rented desks for the offices and 2, folding chairs for the strike meeting rooms and the large assembly loft on the top floor.
No one but myself and another committee member knew the location of those quarters. Early in October the dress manufacturers were firing workers right and left, on flimsy pretexts, and especially ousting individuals known to be active in the union.
Several shops locked out their employees. By Monday, the 9 thhundreds were on the streets with no jobs. A strike was clearly being forced upon us. We cautioned them against the No Way Out - Various - Thrash Ahoy !! Extra!! Break The Speed Limit of being stampeded by the tactics of the opposition union, which had been sniping at us with handbills calculated to confuse the issue.
It must be borne in mind that next to its following in New York City, the Communist Party had its largest unit in Los Angeles, perhaps an indication that its members, after years of exhausting service in the East, needed the balmy air of California. Even there the long hand of the party directed all their movements. The period of World War I and the Russian revolution gave birth to the Communist International as an instrument of world revolt.
This was invariably dictated by the needs of the Moscow government, and a new line Unsolved Mystery - Various - When The Kids Go Go Go Crazy - A Tribute To The Groovie Ghoulies brought a complete turnabout: what had been taboo six Tango Della Giustizia - Nuova Scena - La Ballata Dello Spettro before became the new lineregardless of whether it was feasible to carry out such a policy locally.
Members who dared question or disobey a new line would be summarily expelled or brought before a court of their own for judgement. Usually they would be subjected to humiliation, and in some instances, they would even disappear without trace. One such case often pointed out was that of Juliet Stuart Poyntz, at one time connected with the ILGWU educational department, but afterward for many years an active member of the Russian Secret Service.
She walked out of her room in New York City early in June,ostensibly to return in a short time, and vanished completely. Foster, came into being in the United States. Some party members were instructed to remain with the existing unions, while the rest were assigned to function in the dual union. Stock tactics of the dual union were to sow distrust in their chosen leadership among the rank and file. There was a small but raucous branch of the dual outfit in Los Angeles, taking in all needle trades groups, and its leadership frequently denounced us and our campaign.
Plans for the strike, with no mention of the day set, were submitted by our delegates to the Central Labor Council, which voted indorsement and pledged full support. Various tricks were used by the employers in attempts to hamstring the strike movement.
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